Appendix D
Glossary of terms

Terms and abbreviations commonly used in this Report have the meanings set out below. Where appropriate we have adopted and summarised the definitions of key terms used by the Family Violence Death Review Committee in their Fourth Annual Report.

Child abuse Includes all forms of physical and emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect and exploitation that results in actual or potential harm to the child’s health, development or dignity. Five subtypes can be distinguished: physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and negligent treatment, emotional abuse and exploitation. May include exposure to intimate partner violence.
Family violence A broad range of controlling behaviours, commonly of a physical, sexual and/or psychological nature, which typically involve fear, intimidation and emotional deprivation. It occurs within a variety of close interpersonal relationships, such as between partners, parents and children, siblings and in other relationships where significant others are not part of the physical household but are part of the family and/or are fulfilling the function of family.

Definition from the Taskforce on Violence Within Families <>.
FVDRC Family Violence Death Review Committee.
Intimate partner violence Any behaviour within an intimate relationship (including current and/or past live-in relationships or dating relationships) that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship.
Intrafamilial violence All forms of abuse between family members other than intimate partners or parents of their children.
Issues Paper Law Commission Victims of family violence who commit homicide (NZLC IP39, 2015). Available to download from the Law Commission website <>.
Predominant aggressor The person who is the most significant or principal aggressor in a violent intimate partner relationship, and who has a pattern of using violence to exercise coercive control.
Primary victim The person who (in the abuse history of the relationship) is experiencing ongoing coercive and controlling behaviour from their intimate partner.
VLRC Victorian Law Reform Commission.
2001 Report Law Commission Some Criminal Defences with Particular Reference to Battered Defendants (NZLC R73, 2001). Available to download from the Law Commission website <>.
2007 Report Law Commission The Partial Defence of Provocation (NZLC R98, 2007). Available to download from the Law Commission website <>.